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Archive for October, 2009

Friday, October 30th, 2009

Is anger the key? Dr. Henry Kellerman weighs in

Henry KellermanIn a series of posts for the Psychology Today blog, Dr. Henry Kellerman, author of Dictionary of Psychopathology, argues that while love may the world go ’round, anger is the key.

Anger, he suggests results from our efforts manage disappointment and our thwarted desires. It stems from a feeling of disempowerment and becoming angry re-empowers us. Kellerman writes,

When a person feels disempowered, frequently the only way to feel re-empowered is to be angry. And we all want to be empowered. Yes, anger is a re-empowerment, because like any other primary emotion, anger has a personality, and it is this personality that tells the story.

In the first post, Kellerman outlines seven personality traits of anger (“Anger has explosive potential. It wants to burst forth.” “Anger has an entitled frame of mind. It feels it has the right to get tough,” etc.) Of course, when anger is repressed a symptom emerges and in his second post, Kellerman explores how to cure the symptom. Kellerman outlines some of the steps:

5. The key to unlocking your symptom is to take it on faith that when you have a psychological/emotional symptom you are harboring repressed anger and by definition since it is repressed, you can’t feel it and therefore you’re not aware of it. BUT BELIEVE IT, IT’S THERE.

6. Therefore, you need to become a bit of a detective and try to identify the ‘who’ who pissed you off – who shot down your wish, and who therefore made you angry.

7. When you identify the ‘who’ and begin to feel the anger toward the ‘who,’ your symptom will in every likelihood, lift.

8. To reinforce the cure of the symptom it is usually very helpful to also do something related to the original wish although not necessarily in a way that will get the wish gratified. Just do something related to it.

Thursday, October 29th, 2009

Event: R. Glenn Hubbard and others on development in Africa

Later today, R. Glenn Hubbard and William Duggan, author of The Aid Trap: Hard Truths About Ending Poverty, will be joined with others in a community forum on African aid and development.

The event will be on the campus of Columbia University at 5:45. Click here for more information and to RSVP.

Thursday, October 29th, 2009

Zoographies, Deconstruction, and Vegetarianism

ZoographiesWe are following up on yesterday’s post on animal studies with a look at the group blog The Inhumanities, which just completed its discussion of Matthew Calarco’s Zoographies: The Question of the Animal from Heidegger to Derrida. Cary Wolfe, a leading figure in animal studies, writes, “Zoographies is that rare breed of book that manages to provide both a critical overview and incisive intervention on the terrain of what is now called ‘the question of the animal.’”

In their discussion, contributors to The Inhumanities consider Calarco’s understanding of Agamben, Heidegger, Derrida, and other continental philosophers treatment of the question of the animal. The various posts elicited many comments from readers and also includes responses from Calarco.

One contributor speculates on a possible connection between vegetarianism and deconstruction:

Here is where I think vegetarianism can make a strong claim to the practice of deconstruction. Let us imagine Derrida as a young man. He realizes one day that philosophy, the whole thing, is founded on a couple great untruths or self-deceptions. Rather than saying, “philosophy is a load of bull,” he devotes his life to working from within that tradition to mar it indelibly. He was able to deconstruct philosophy by virtue of, and only because of, a position within philosophy. Today, we find ourselves realizing that the cultural infrastructure of the meat industry called Western Civilization (“carnophallogocentrism”) is a set of self-deceptions. From where do we dismantle it? Vegetarianism is not a position outside of the world, but it is a position within it that allows for different horizons to appear. The work of deconstructing vegetarianism would multiply those horizons, disbanding some and enriching others—but it is only from within such a vegetarianism (becoming-veg!n as Scu calls it) that such futures can arrive. I’m not sure there is much more of interest to be spun out from the culture of meat sacrifice after deconstruction. Veg!sm, on the other hand, puts humans at stake in the ever more fine-grained construction/discovery of living beings.

Wednesday, October 28th, 2009

Animal Studies round-up

animal studiesThe Chronicle Review recently featured a series of articles exploring the rise of animal studies in the academy. Articles include Creature Consciousness, which explores some of the theoretical and philosophical foundations of animal studies as well as the line that some academics juggle between scholarship and advocacy. The article includes a quote from Matthew Calarco, author of Zoographies: The Question of the Animal from Heidegger to Derrida, on the impact of animal studies on philosophy. From the piece:

Thinkers on both the analytic and Continental sides “are beginning to say that this primacy we give to the human-mind relationship to the world needs to be displaced,” Calarco says. “There’s a kind of implicit anthropomorphism that dominates philosophy, and that is being attacked from different angles.”

In another article, Presses, Journals, and Meetings Buzz With Animal Studies, Wendy Lochner, editor of the animal studies list at Columbia University Press is quoted and cited for developing one of the strongest lists in the field. From the article:

Columbia University Press has also established itself as a strong publisher of animal-studies scholarship. Wendy Lochner, a senior executive editor for philosophy, religion, and animal studies at the press, emphasizes work in which species functions as a critical category, like race or gender. “It requires a radical rethinking of our life on earth and how we view human beings” relative to other animals and the planet, she says.

Wednesday, October 28th, 2009

R. Glenn Hubbard, Jeffrey Sachs, and others on rebuilding war-torn socieites

Last Friday, R. Glenn Hubbard, author of The Aid Trap: Hard Truths About Ending Poverty, participated in a conference on how to rebuild war-torn societies, with specific attention paid to Africa and Afghanistan.

Video portions of the conference, including remarks from R. Glenn Hubbard can be viewed here. Jeffrey Sachs emphasized the need to adjust to the needs of each individual country while Hubbard spoke about the importance of supporting local businesses and entrepreneurship. From the Web site, Global Impact:

Hubbard noted that poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa is extensive despite contributions of more than $1 trillion in aid over the last forty years. He called for an initiative to encourage the development of local businesses in Africa that would resemble the so-called Marshall Plan, employed by General George C. Marshall to rebuild Europe in the wake of World War II.

“When Marshall spoke at Harvard in his commencement speech,” Hubbard said, “he said that it was really the breakdown of business during the war that was the problem that aid must solve. He was right.”

Monday, October 26th, 2009

Archives from the New Yorker Theater

New Yorker theaterThe New Yorker Theater was known not only for the movies it showed but for the people who came to the theater to watch everything from the newest New Wave film to a forgotten Hollywood classic. Patrons to the theater included Woody Allen, Martin Scorsese, Susan Sontag, Andrew Sarris, and Pauline Kael, among many others. In addition to watching films these noted filmgoers also provided program notes, some of which we have now made available online.

Authors of New Yorker program notes include Jonas Mekas, who wrote on the 1939 Soviet silent film classic Shors and Jules Feiffer who discussed Gold Diggers of 1933, which included musical numbers staged by Busby Berkley. Novelist Terry Southern contributed program notes for the 1937 version of A Star is Born as well as for Lizzies of the Field, a Mack Sennet-produced silent film. Here’s what Southern had to say:

Note the fine surrealist opening (none of this sneaky obscene, “pushing out West as a young girl” crap).

The best parts of this film are superb examples of pure cinema there is nothing flat about the use of camera here. We have motion and counter-motion, motion without motion, spacial and textural compositions to compare with the good German films of the period. When a Mack Sennett car leaps with such seeming abandon through the frame in a long shot the movement is executed not simply in the frame but precisely the right part of the frame; if you were to freeze the action at any point you might have an abstract painting But why freeze it? Why not freeze Porky Pig instead? After suitably mutilating his fat snout!

Friday, October 23rd, 2009

New York Review of Books roundup of books on Hamas

Hamas in PoliticsThis week’s issue of the New York Review of Books features an essay on Hamas titled “Which Way for Hamas? written by Nicolas Pelham and Max Rodenbeck.

One of the books featured in the essay is Jeroen Gunning’s Hamas in Politics: Democracy, Religion, Violence.

Here’s what the article says about Gunning’s work:

Not surprisingly, much of the future generation of Palestinian leaders, including Yasser Arafat, entered politics as members of the Muslim Brotherhood, the fiercely anti-imperialist, pan-Islamist movement founded in Egypt in 1928. Even before 1948, according to Jeroen Gunning, a British academic whose /Hamas in Politics/ is an exemplary political primer on the Islamist party’s evolution, structure, and thought, the Brotherhood was said to have thirty-eight branches in Palestine, with ten thousand members. Ironically, Arafat’s founding of Fatah, the secular party that dominated Palestinian politics until the 1990s, was prompted not by a rejection of Islamist ideas but by the Brotherhood’s move, under intense and frequently brutal pressure from Arab regimes, to abandon “armed struggle” in the 1950s.

You can also browse the book via Google Preview.

Thursday, October 22nd, 2009

Interview with Ami Pedahzur and Arie Perliger, authors of Jewish Terrorism in Israel

Jewish Terrorism in IsraelThe following is an interview with Ami Pedahzur and Arie Perliger, authors of Jewish Terrorism in Israel.

You can also read an interview with Pedahzur discussing his previous book The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism or browse the book using Google Preview.

Q: What led you to this topic?

Ami Pedahzur: We have both studied political extremism and violence for many years. Together we have devoted a lot of time to understanding the underlying causes of terrorism in general and of religious terrorism in particular. When former prime minister Ariel Sharon announced his plan to remove Jewish settlements from the Gaza strip, we felt that Israeli society was entering a tense historical moment. Because of this we just wanted to be on the ground, documenting events as they unfolded and trying to understand the mechanisms that lead groups and individuals to extreme manifestations of political violence.

Q: So what are your main conclusions?

AP: This study corroborates the argument that religion by itself is not a source of violence. However, when it becomes politicized, religion can become a fertile breeding ground for countercultures like totalitarian political ideologies such as fascism and communism. Most countercultures never become violent. It takes a major threat to the community of believers or to its most sacred values to radicalize its members. A minority of them will be pushed over the edge and perpetrate terrorist acts for the purpose of removing the threats.

Q: Lately, a lot has been written on religious terrorism. Could you outline, in a nutshell, the new insights that this book offers?

AP: As we indicated earlier, we contend that the real divisions in the world are not between civilizations and religions but rather between moderates and extremists. We also concluded that many terrorist acts are not generated by organizational frameworks but by more elusive social configurations based on primal ties such as kinship and friendship. One of the most stunning findings in the book is that the most sophisticated terrorist group in Israel’s history, which is known as the “Jewish Underground,” exhibited no features of a terrorist organization. It was rather an extended social network that included many subgroups operating independently at different times and in different locations. There was no leader or central command. The first time many of the alleged members of the underground met was in court, following their arrest.

Q: What can you say about the “profile” of the Jewish terrorist?

AP: The overwhelming majority of the terrorists were young religious males, yet these facts alone are too simplistic a description. If we were asked by an intelligence service how to profile a potential terrorist, we would probably have recommended looking at the bigger picture. Instead of identifying potential individual terrorists on the basis of their of their socio- demographic or religious proclivities, we believe the focus should be on radical communities in times of crises. Once such a community is identified, the next step should be concentrating on networks of friends who are highly invested in the struggle, meet frequently, and have access to weapons. As with criminal street gangs, the turn to terrorism is gradual and involves a process of socialization within a close-knit network. Very few of the Jewish terrorists were lone wolves operating on their own. The majority, including Yigal Amir, the assassin of prime minister Yitzhak Rabin, were radicalized and developed their tactics through a peer socialization process.

Q: What can this book tell us about the shape of things to come?

AP: We believe that history can tell us a lot. We open the book by describing Jewish terrorism in ancient times, and, unfortunately, in the ensuing two thousand years little has changed. Over the last forty years extremists have created a religious Jewish counterculture, especially in the West Bank but also in Orthodox pockets inside Israel. Though we are not anticipating removal of more settlements in the near future, we are confident that this day will come, and once it does, the escalation of violence will be dramatic. Terrorist networks will do anything to prevent the government from interfering with what they perceive as the promise of the lord to the Jewish people, even if the toll in human lives is very high.


Wednesday, October 21st, 2009

Interview with Joyce Mendelsohn, author of The Lower East Side Remembered and Revisited

The Lower East SideJoyce Mendelsohn, author of The Lower East Side Remembered and Revisited was recently interviewed on Talkline with Zev Brenner.

In the interview (which starts at the 40 minute mark in the podcast) she discusses the state of the Jewish community on the Lower East Side in the past and today. While talking with Zev Brenner, Joyce touches on affordable housing issues, places to eat, synagogues, landmark buildings, and Jewish businesses located in the LES.

In talking about the neighborhood Joyce says,

People who say its dying off or languishing don’t realize the vibrancy of what’s going on in the community today. Just walking the streets of the Lower East Side, seeing the tenements, seeing the street signs, walking into the shops, passing the venerable synagogues, it’s a great Jewish experience and people come down during the week and on Sundays to look for their roots.

Wednesday, October 21st, 2009

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Tuesday, October 20th, 2009

“People describe me as a vaccine advocate, I see myself as a science advocate.” — Paul Offit

Paul Offit

The following quote is from a lengthy feature in Wired magazine on Paul Offit, his battle against anti-vaccination advocates, the mistrust of science, and the dangerous implications of not vaccinating children. Offit, author of Autism’s False Prophets: Bad Science, Risky Medicine, and the Search for a Cure, has been fighting an often vicious battle with those who fear that vaccines cause autism despite the medical and scientific evidence that proves the safety of vaccinations. (Questions about Offit’s integrity and even death threats are frequently employed by his opponents.) The triumph of pseudo-science over science has led to the outbreak of measles and put many elementary school children at risk. From the article:

“I used to say that the tide would turn when children started to die. Well, children have started to die,” Offit says, frowning as he ticks off recent fatal cases of meningitis in unvaccinated children in Pennsylvania and Minnesota. “So now I’ve changed it to ‘when enough children start to die.’ Because obviously, we’re not there yet.”

The article also explores how the fear of vaccines has taken hold and looks at the distorted claims made by Offit’s opponents, including the suggestion that he is a shill of pharmaceutical companies. Information found on the Internet along with the anti-vaccine advocacy of celebrities such as Jenny McCarthy and public figures such as Robert Kennedy, Jr. has served to confuse parents and increased the level of fear regarding vaccines. Offit sympathizes with those parents whose children have been diagnosed with autism and are searching for a cure but worries that McCarthy and others are providing false hope and explanations. The article quotes Offit’s response to one of his most vociferous opponents:

“Barbara Loe Fisher inflames people against me. And wrongly. I’m in this for the same reason she is. I care about kids. Does she think Merck is paying me to speak about vaccines? Is that the logic?” he asks, exasperated. (Merck is doing no such thing). But when it comes to mandating vaccinations, Offit says, Fisher is right about him: He is an adamant supporter.

Monday, October 19th, 2009

Farzana Shaikh: Will Pakistan finally buckle?

Making Sense of PakistanIn an op-ed in yesterday’s Independent, Farzana Shaikh, author of Making Sense of Pakistan, begins her analysis of recent events in the country by writing,

Will Pakistan finally buckle? After a week that has witnessed some of the boldest and deadliest militant attacks against the Pakistani state and the headquarters of its most potent institution, the army, the question is asked increasingly widely. The short answer is no. But the country must brace itself for many more months, if not years, of traumatic conflict, especially as the army launches a major offensive in South Waziristan. This will deepen the conditions of chronic insecurity and political dysfunctionality to which its people have long been accustomed.

Shaikh how explains how a sense of optimism that pervaded Pakistan in 2008 as a result of a new government, a seemingly improved relationship between civilian and military leadership, and U.S. support has dramatically faded. Relations between the government and the military are once again fraught and earlier victories against the Taliban are now contrasted by the organization’s ability to regroup. Ultimately, Shaikh argues that Pakistan still does not have a sense of itself as a nation and its attitude toward militant Islam:

While larger numbers of Pakistanis may well stand opposed to militancy, popular ambivalence over the state’s relation to Islam continues to thwart the prospects of translating this opposition into a coherent strategy to fight the militants. And with the militants in no doubt about what they stand for, it is now more urgent than ever for government and society to open up an honest debate about what precisely Pakistan stands for.

Friday, October 16th, 2009

THES reviews Christopher Davidson’s Abu Dhabi

Abu DhabiIn a recent review the Times Higher Education Supplement praises Christopher Davidson’s latest book, Abu Dhabi: Oil and Beyond, writing, “Specialists and non-specialists will be treated to a critical yet deeply sympathetic account of the raison d’etre and very identity of the emirate, past and present.”

The review also points to Davidson’s description of Abu Dhabi’s development of a kind of tribal capitalism that integrates monarchic rule, old alliances, and concessions to modernization. However, beyond the economic achievement of Abu Dhabi and its political stability problems do exist:

Yet despite the success the allocative state has had in distributing great wealth generated by oil and more, and despite the loyalty the ruling family commands through its support for socially vital causes ranging from religion to history, culture and the environment, old and new problems remain. Davidson flags the issues of unresolved territorial disputes with neighbours, gross wealth inequalities within the federation, low local education levels and standards, lack of integration of nationals into the new economy, indecisive political reform, violations of human rights and media censorship.

In an earlier post in August we recounted how authorities in the United Arab Emirates delayed (and continue to delay) the book’s release due to increasingly stringent media censorship policies.

Thursday, October 15th, 2009

More from Paul Offit on the flu vaccine

Flu VaccineOn Monday, NPR’s Talk of the Nation interviewed Dr. Paul Offit, author of Autism’s False Prophets: Bad Science, Risky Medicine, and the Search for a Cure. about the swine flu vaccine.

Dr. Offit was a guest as result of his recent New York Times op-ed (see our post from Monday). The show took questions for Dr. Offit from listeners including this one:

And here’s an email from Lisa Ann(ph) in San Mateo. I’ve only had one flu shot in my life, and immediately afterwards, I was the sickest I’ve ever been in my life. I’m an extremely healthy person. When I do catch cold symptoms, I’m able to fight them off with vitamins before I get really sick. Is it really necessary for me to get the shot? I have a feeling it’s going to make me sick.

Dr. OFFIT: Right. You know, and this is a story that you occasionally hear. It’s, you know, we give our flu vaccines in the winter. That’s when a lot of other viruses, including, you know, flu viruses are circulating. And the question is, you know, can the flu vaccine cause flu? The answer to that question is clearly no.

I mean, the vaccine is – it comes in two forms. One is as a shot, in which case the virus is completely inactivated with a chemical, so it can’t possibly reproduce itself and cause respiratory symptoms. The second vaccine is a so-called nasal spray vaccine, which is a highly weakened form of a natural virus which can’t possibly grow at body temperature, therefore it can’t possibly reproduce itself in the lungs and cause illness. So I think those things are coincidental, but obviously those anecdotes are very powerful and influential for many people.

Wednesday, October 14th, 2009

Africa’s new financial apartheid, by R. Glenn Hubbard

The Aid TrapYesterday, R. Glenn Hubbard, author of The Aid Trap: Hard Truths About Ending Poverty contributed an op-ed on the Web site for Fortune.

In the essay, Hubbard argues that while African nations have opened up to foreign trade and investment, local businesses continue suffer.

Governments such as that in Angola have restricted local businesses “mak[ing] for a new kind of apartheid: the business community of Angola is European and Asian, not African. That might not be the intent, but it certainly is the result.”

In particular, China, whose trade with Africa is continuing to grow, has turned a blind eye to suppression of local African business. Hubbard concludes the essay writing:

Chinese leaders will argue that they do so to respect the sovereignty of national governments: if Angola wants to suppress the local Angolan business sector, China has no right to make them change.

But how is that different from South Africa under apartheid? In those days, the South African government put up enormous obstacles to prevent black Africans from starting and owning their own businesses. China joined the rest of the world in condemning South African apartheid, and rightly so. But today, China joins the rest of the world in turning a blind eye to the ongoing apartheid of the local business sector throughout most of Sub-Saharan Africa.

But of course, the western powers are no better than China. They continue to lavish foreign aid on countries that suppress their local business sectors.


Wednesday, October 14th, 2009

Last chance! Sale on politics titles ends October 15

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Tuesday, October 13th, 2009

Paul Offit on the Flu Vaccine

Paul OffitIn his book Autism’s False Prophets: Bad Science, Risky Medicine, and the Search for a Cure, Paul Offit makes a scientific and medical case against those who have claimed a link between autism and vaccines.

Fear has now spread to vaccines for the H1N1 flu, and as Paul Offit describes in a recent New York Times op-ed, several myths are making the rounds.

In the op-ed, Offit looks to scientific data to argue that the flu vaccines is safe, has been tested, has no adjuvant, and does not contain a dangerous preservative. Offit concludes,

New myths will inevitably arise as some of the millions of people who are inoculated against H1N1 flu suffer unrelated illnesses. Health officials will keep a close eye out for any real problems. One can only hope that the American public will understand that subsequence isn’t necessarily consequence, and not be scared away from a vaccine that can save lives.

Friday, October 9th, 2009

Interview with Alex Danchev, author of Art and War and Terror

Art and War and TerrorThe following is an interview with Alex Danchev, author of On Art and War and Terror. (The book is currently on sale during our special offer on politics, political theory, and political science theory titles.)

Question: Art and war and terror sounds like a lot for one book. What’s the idea?

Alex Danchev: The idea is to see how art, of all kinds, can help us to understand what Winston Churchill called the terrible twentieth century (and the terrible twenty first). And to see how people’s lives can be described and redescribed, imagined and reimagined, through art. So the book traffics in war art, war poetry, war photography, war films, war stories, war diaries, and the like, but also in war itself – the First World War, the Second World War, the so-called war on terror that we’re still wrestling with. In other words, it deals in blood—“blood like a carwash”, as Christopher Logue’s Homer has it—and in tricky issues like political legitimacy, moral authority, civility, depravity, honor and conscience, as well as strange things like senseless kindness. What it tries to do is to chart a way through all this, by putting the imagination to work, employing its second sight, if you like, piggy-backing on its moral benefits. The credo of the book (and the author) is something the poet Seamus Heaney has said, which I think is very profound: “The imaginative transformation of human life is the means by which we can most truly grasp and comprehend it.”

Q: We haven’t seen much imaginative transformation of human life in the war on terror, have we?

AD: One of the chapters in the book tries to address that question directly. It asks whether the cinema has yet found its voice in the war on terror. What kind of movies are war-on-terror movies? Are they different from other war movies? Are they any good? What can they tell us? It may be a too soon to ask for a masterpiece. All Quiet on the Western Front came out in 1930, the book on which it was based in 1929, fully ten years after that war had ended. Is there a kind of ten-year maturation period, I wonder? That said, I think there are at least two war-on-terror movies that will last: In the Valley of Elah by Paul Haggis and Standard Operating Procedure, by Errol Morris. I discuss both in the book, focusing on Standard Operating Procedure, which is essentially an investigation of the torture and abuse at Abu Ghraib, making use of some remarkable interviews with the Military Police who served there. Morris calls it a nonfiction horror movie, which has echoes of Truman Capote’s In Cold Blood, and I believe it will come to have a similar status.

But there is another way to approach the war on terror. It seems to me that the most illuminating writing on “the dark side” of this struggle is by Kafka, who died in 1924. The Trial and In the Penal Colony capture so much of what went on. So I’ve written another chapter on “Kafka and Abu Ghraib.”


Thursday, October 8th, 2009

Toby Talbot at the Hamptons International Film Festival

Toby Talbot, The New Yorker TheaterThe Hamptons International Film Festival kicks off today and continues through the Columbus Day weekend. Some of the highlights for this year’s festival includes the U.S. premier of Heath Ledger’s last film The Imaginarium of Dr. Parnassus.

Among the many events and screenings taking place on Long Island this weekend as part of the festival is a discussion and signing with Toby Talbot for her new book The New Yorker Theater and Other Scenes from a Life at the Movies on Sunday, October 11, 2009 at 2:00 PM at BookHampton, 41 Main Street, East Hampton, NY 11937.

The New Yorker was a legendary cinema on Manhattan’s Upper West Side in the 1960s that screened cutting-edge films from around the world to audiences that included some of the city’s most influential producers, directors, critics, and writers—Woody Allen, Martin Scorsese, Susan Sontag, Andrew Sarris, and Pauline Kael. In this memoir Talbot shares stories from the projection booth, the box office, even the lost and found, detailing an important era in filmmaking and New York City culture.

For more you can also listen to Toby Talbot’s appearance on “The Leonard Lopate Show”

Thursday, October 8th, 2009

The Oldest Tree in New York City

New York City TreesNot surprisingly, when the New York Times City Room blog wanted to find out what the oldest tree is in New York City they asked Edward S. Barnard author of New York City Trees: A Field Guide for the Metropolitan Area.

Barnard, like most experts, is unsure about the oldest tree though many suspect that it is the enormous tulip tree in Alley Pond Park, called the Queens Giant, which might be as old as 400 years. Other interesting facts about New York City and trees: There are 5.2 million trees and the city and 25 percent of the city is covered in shade.

What explains the fascination with old trees? Here’s how the blog post finishes:

“It’s exciting for people like me to look at, to touch something that lived” so long ago, Mr. Barnard said. “There’s something sacred about these ancient living things.”

To browse the book via Google: Google